What’s the Difference between LASIK and PRK?

Serving Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and all of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA)

If you’re considering corrective vision surgery, you’ve probably heard of LASIK and PRK. Both procedures improve your vision and reduce or eliminate the need for glasses or contacts. And both take place in our office and require only 60-90 minutes of your time. But there are some key differences you should understand when making your choice.

PRK, which stands for photorefractive keratectomy, and LASIK, or Laser-Assisted in situ Keratomileusis, are surgical procedures in which lasers reshape the cornea. In LASIK, your doctor creates a thin flap in the cornea to permit access for the laser. After the procedure, the flap is closed and allowed to heal. PRK, on the other hand, avoids creating the flap by removing the entire outer layer of your cornea instead. The procedures are, otherwise, essentially identical.

Because LASIK surgeons make an incision in the cornea to create the flap, candidates must meet certain criteria for corneal thickness so that the incision will properly heal. Patients with thin corneas and those who participate in contact sports may be better candidates for PRK than for LASIK.

PRK patients usually recover more slowly after surgery than LASIK patients due to the time required for the eye to regrow the outer corneal cells that were removed during the procedure. For the same reason, LASIK patients typically experience less post-operative discomfort than do PRK patients. And LASIK patients usually notice their vision improvement before PRK patients.

To learn more about LASIK and PRK, please contact Eye Care Specialists today or call (877) 489-7405 to schedule a consultation. We serve patients in Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and surrounding areas of Northeastern Pennsylvania.

What are the Symptoms of Cataracts?

Serving Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and all of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA)

An estimated 25 million Americans suffered from cataracts in 2010, according to the National Eye Institute.The condition becomes more prevalent as we age, with about 70% of adults aged 75 and older developing a cataract. Cataracts deteriorate vision and if left untreated, can lead to blindness. That’s why the experienced ophthalmologists of Eye Care Specialists want you to be aware of the symptoms of cataracts.

The lens of a healthy eye is crystal clear. But cataracts cloud the lens, and over time, this clouding interferes with your vision. Symptoms to watch for include

  • Blurry or cloudy vision
  • Less vibrant colors, often with a yellow hue
  • Poor night vision
  • Halo effects surrounding lights
  • Double vision in one eye
  • Light sensitivity

If you experience one or more of these, you may have a cataract. Your doctor will be able to make a definitive diagnosis.

If you are diagnosed with a cataract, you’ll probably need surgery. Cataract surgery is a very common and safe procedure in which your doctor replaces your eye’s cloudy natural lens with an artificial one.

If you have any of the above symptoms, please contact Eye Care Specialists today or call (877) 489-7405 to schedule a consultation. We serve patients in Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and surrounding areas of Northeastern Pennsylvania.

Wavefront Diagnosis

Serving Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and all of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA)

Before it was used in LASIK eye surgery, astronomers used Wavefront technology to adjust telescope optics by eliminating irregularities (technically called “aberrations”) caused by the Earth’s atmosphere. We use this same powerful technology to map the hundreds of unique, microscopic aberrations in your own eyes, enabling the Excimer laser to effectively target and correct each error during LASIK.

When Wavefront diagnosis is used to perform LASIK, it is called “Custom LASIK.” Traditional LASIK is diagnosed using a phoropter – the same device used to prescribe glasses and contact lenses. This device is limited to diagnosing the three Lower Order Aberrations: nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism. Wavefront goes one step further by diagnosing High Order Aberrations, which make up nearly 85% of all vision errors, and are responsible for problems like:

  • Double vision
  • Glare
  • Difficulty seeing at night
  • Blurry vision
  • Halos

The “eye map” created by Wavefront also helps make LASIK surgery safer and more precise. If your eye accidentally moves during the surgical process, the laser will move with it, ensuring the most accurate results possible. In the same vein, if your eye moves too much, the laser will shut down completely in order to protect you.

If you have further questions about Wavefront diagnosis or our LASIK technology in general, please contact Eye Care Specialists today or call (877) 489-7405 to schedule a screening. We serve patients throughout Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and surrounding areas of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA).

LASIK Alternatives

Serving Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and all of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA)

LASIK is capable of treating a wide range of refractive errors, providing patients with outstanding vision and a reduced dependence on glasses and contact lenses. However, it may not be right for everyone. If your corneas are too thin to safely create a LASIK flap, our eye doctors may recommend an alternative procedure instead, such as:

  • PRK – Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) works in essentially the same way as LASIK, using an Excimer laser to re-shape your cornea. However, instead of creating a flap in the cornea and then replacing it for fast healing, PRK involves removing the entire outer layer of the cornea, which will grow back after surgery. This is why the recovery time for PRK is slightly longer than LASIK, and it may involve more discomfort as well. However, the quality of the final outcome is the same.
  • LASEK – Instead of fully removing the cornea’s outer layer (as in PRK), the LASEK procedure involves loosening a small “cap” on the surface of the cornea and removing it to make way for the Excimer laser treatment. This cap will then be restored to its original position on your eye in order to help it heal.

One of our experienced Kingston eye surgeons will perform a comprehensive screening to determine which laser vision correction procedure will provide you with the best and safest results. Although LASIK is the preferred option because of its fast recovery time, patients who have dry eyes, thin corneas, or other factors that disqualify them from LASIK can experience the same excellent results through PRK or LASEK.

If you have further questions about LASIK alternatives, please contact Eye Care Specialists today or call (877) 489-7405 to schedule a screening. We serve patients throughout Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and surrounding areas of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA).

Dry Eyes and LASIK

Serving Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and all of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA)

If you’re tired of wearing glasses or contact lenses, you’re probably already considering LASIK. Berwick-area patients can see dramatic improvement in their vision by undergoing this safe, commonly performed procedure.

However, not everyone is a good LASIK candidate. One of the key characteristics our eye doctors will look for when deciding whether LASIK is right for you is whether or not you are suffering from dry eyes.

Dry eyes are some of the most common post-LASIK complications, which means it’s not a good idea to undergo the procedure if you are already suffering from this particular condition.

Fortunately, our doctors can treat dry eyes, and we will before we move forward with the LASIK procedure. Treatment for dry eyes can include:

  • Over-the-counter eye drops
  • Prescription eye drops or artificial tears
  • Temporary closure of the tear ducts
  • Permanent closure of your tear ducts

If you suffer from dry eyes, don’t let that prevent you from speaking to our eye doctors about LASIK. We’ll discuss your options with you and explain the risk of post-LASIK dry eye complications.

If you live in the Berwick, Pennsylvania area and you want to learn more about your LASIK options, please contact Eye Care Specialists today.

Custom LASIK

Serving Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and all of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA)

If you’re looking for a long-term solution to your vision problems that can eliminate the need for glasses or contact lenses, you might want to consider LASIK. Berwick-area patients have been coming to Eye Care Specialists for years to take advantage of our experience and skill.

And now you can get even more precise and dramatic results with Custom LASIK, a variation on the LASIK procedure that offers enhanced accuracy and can address even more vision issues.

Our patients in Berwick get traditional LASIK to address nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism. Custom LASIK can help with all of these problems, but it can also address higher order abnormalities that cause:

  • Glare
  • Poor night vision
  • Poor contrast

Custom LASIK can also improve your vision beyond 20/20.

We can do all of this thanks to remarkable advances in mapping and imaging technologies. Using a Wavefront aberrometer, we can identify abnormalities in your eyes that used to escape all notice.

Then, that information is digitally transmitted to the ultra-precise laser used in the procedure. The end result is a truly remarkable level of precision and accuracy.

Our eye doctors will be happy to answer any questions you might have. We’ll thoroughly evaluate your condition to determine if Custom LASIK is right for you.

If you live in the Berwick, Pennsylvania area and you’re considering LASIK or Custom LASIK, please contact Eye Care Specialists today.

Is LASIK Right for Me?

Serving Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and all of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA)

Scranton-area patients who want to finally address their long-standing vision issues should ask the doctors at the Eye Care Specialists about LASIK surgery. With LASIK, we can give you crystal clear vision without the need for glasses or contacts.

 

However, not all Scranton-area residents with vision problems are good LASIK candidates. Our doctors will evaluate you to ensure that LASIK is the right procedure for you.

 

The ideal LASIK candidate:

 

  • Is over 18
  • Has a refractive condition (such as nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism) that can be treated with LASIK
  • Has a stable lens prescription for at least one year before undergoing LASIK
  • Does not suffer from dry eye syndrome
  • Has healthy, fundamentally sound eyes
  • Does not suffer from an auto-immune disease
  • Is not pregnant or nursing
  • Must have corneas of average thickness; thin corneas often lead to LASIK risks and complications

 

We understand you probably have a lot of questions about LASIK. Our doctors are happy to answer those questions. Once we determine that you are a good candidate for LASIK we’ll explain the process and tell you everything you can expect.

 

If you live in the Scranton, Pennsylvania area and you have a condition that can be treated with LASIK surgery, please contact Eye Care Specialists today.

Laser Cataract Surgery

Serving Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and all of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA)

Cataracts are a common age-related vision condition impacting many seniors throughout the Scranton and Kingston areas. The clouded vision caused by cataracts can make driving at night very difficult and over time, it may eventually lead to blindness. Fortunately, cataract surgery provides you with a safe and effective way to restore clear vision.

At Eye Care Specialists, we recognize that using the most advanced technology significantly improves our ability to deliver the exceptional outcome you deserve. In order to ensure the greatest levels of precision and accuracy, we use the LenSx femtosecond laser on all cataract surgery procedures.

Laser cataract surgery automates some of the most challenging phases of the procedure such as incision creation and the breaking apart of cataracts. This improves the accuracy which can be achieved.

By using the LenSx laser, our ophthalmologists are able improve the precision of your cataract surgery in several ways:

  • A 3D image of your eye is created, improving the detail of information available during the planning phase of your procedure
  • Image-guided surgical planning software is used to help our doctors execute your incision in the most accurate possible way
  • Touch screen graphic user interface allows for greater customization at every step of your procedure

Your vision is extremely important. By opting for laser cataract surgery, you can be confident your procedure will be performed according to the highest standards of safety and precision. The end result will be the restoration of clear, crisp vision.

Please contact Eye Care Specialists today to schedule your laser cataract surgery consultation. We serve patients in Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, Kingston, and throughout Northeastern Pennsylvania.

How to Prepare for Cataract Surgery

Serving Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and all of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA)

Before our Scranton-area patients undergo cataract surgery at the offices of the Eye Care Specialists, we give them specific instructions on how to prepare for the procedure. Every patient is unique, and so is every cataract surgery. Our doctors will have a plan that is tailored to your specific needs.

 

Still, there are a few commonalities to most of our procedures. Before they undergo laser cataract surgery, most patients:

 

  • Should stop taking medications that can increase bleeding during your cataract surgery. Our doctor will tell you if any of your medications pose this sort of danger.
  • Will need to fast before cataract surgery. This usually entails going about 12 hours without food or drink before your procedure.
  • Refrain from drinking alcohol 24 hours before the procedure.
  • Should arrange to have someone drive them home after the procedure.
  • Arrange some time off work or school.
  • Shower and wash your hair before the procedure and wear comfortable clothes

 

Cataract surgery is a commonly performed procedure with an excellent safety record. You should come in to your procedure relaxed and feeling comfortable with your choice.

 

If you live in the Scranton, Pennsylvania area and you want to discuss cataract surgery, please contact Eye Care Specialists today.

Am I a Candidate for LASIK?

Serving Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and all of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA)

If you are tired of the hassles associated with glasses and contact lenses, then you may want to consider LASIK surgery. LASIK corrects refractive errors in vision such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism by using a laser to reshape your cornea. The procedure can have life-changing benefits. Enjoy traveling without a bag full of bulky contact lens solutions, participating in sports without corrective eyewear, and the ability to see clearly at all times without the need for glasses or contacts.

Unfortunately, LASIK is not right for everyone. Before you move forward with the procedure, it is important to determine whether you are a good candidate. During your initial consultation, our Northeastern Pennsylvania ophthalmologists will carefully examine your eyes to make sure LASIK is the ideal procedure to achieve your vision correction goals.

In general, ideal candidates for LASIK:

  • Are over the age of 18
  • Have healthy eyes that have been free of infection for at least one year
  • Have had a stable prescription for at least one year
  • Have corneas of average thickness or better
  • Do not suffer from dry eye syndrome
  • Do not experience any corneal scarring
  • Are not pregnant or nursing
  • Do not suffer from an autoimmune disease

If you live a very active lifestyle, you should discuss the activities you engage in with our doctors during your initial consultation. In some instances, participating in contact sports may rule you out as a LASIK candidate. However, as long as you are willing to avoid these activities while you heal, you should be able to undergo the procedure.

To find out whether you are a good candidate for LASIK, please contact Eye Care Specialists today to schedule your free consultation. We serve patients in Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, Kingston, and throughout Northeastern Pennsylvania.