Diabetic Retinopathy

Serving Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and all of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA)

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Most people are well aware of the debilitating toll diabetes takes on your body. But did you know that diabetes can also affect your vision? For many people suffering from diabetes, vision loss is a major concern.

Diabetes is a condition that occurs when your body does not produce enough insulin, the hormone responsible for converting sugars into energy. When diabetes is not properly diagnosed and treated, it can have a devastating impact on your overall health. One of the conditions that can develop as a result of diabetes is diabetic retinopathy, a vision disorder that is the leading cause of blindness among working-age Americans.

We recognize that some of the information regarding diabetic retinopathy is a bit complicated, and we are happy to explain it to you in greater detail. Please call 1-877-489-7405 today to schedule a consultation at one of our Northeastern Pennsylvania offices.

What is Diabetic Retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease caused by damage to the blood vessels in the retina, the nerve layer in the back of your eye that is responsible for transmitting images to your brain. The condition is a common complication of diabetes.

There are two types of diabetic retinopathy:

  • Nonproliferative retinopathy

  • Proliferative retinopathy

Nonproliferative retinopathy is the more common form of the condition. It occurs when blood vessels in the eye become weak, causing blood to leak into the retina. If blood and fluid leaks into the center of your eye, it can result in blurry vision.

As diabetic retinopathy gets worse, these weakened blood vessels close off, and new ones start to grow on the retina. These new blood vessels can easily break open, causing blood to leak into the middle of your eye in front of your retina. Often, this bleeding will result in the formation of scar tissue, which may pull the retina away from the back wall of your eye (retinal detachment).

Unfortunately, most patients with diabetic retinopathy do not exhibit any symptoms until it is too late to treat the condition and prevent vision loss. Because of this, it is important for all people suffering from diabetes to go for regular eye exams as part of their preventative healthcare routine.

Diabetic Retinopathy Prevention and Treatment

The best way to reduce your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy is to properly manage your diabetes and keep your blood sugar levels within their target range. Quitting smoking will also reduce your risk of retinal damage and slow the progression of diabetic retinopathy if you have already developed the early stages of the condition. Regular eye exams will help detect the early stages of diabetic retinopathy before any significant vision loss occurs.

Treatment for diabetic retinopathy depends on the type and severity of your condition. Early stages of nonproliferative retinopathy may not require immediate treatment, but you will want to closely monitor the condition in case it becomes worse. Once your condition progresses to severe levels of nonproliferative retinopathy or proliferative retinopathy, surgery may be required. Surgical options include:

  • Focal laser treatment – This is performed to slow the leakage of blood into your eye

  • Scatter laser treatment – This is performed to shrink abnormal blood vessels

  • Vitrectomy – This procedure removes blood from the middle of your eye and gets rid of any scar tissue that is pulling on the retina

While surgery can slow the progression of diabetic retinopathy, it is not a cure for the condition. Diabetes is a lifelong disease, which means you are always susceptible to future retinal damage and vision loss. Therefore, you will need to continue with regular eye exams after treatment to prevent additional damage.

Please contact Eye Care Specialists today to schedule your diabetic retinopathy consultation. We serve patients in Scranton, Wilkes Barre, Kingston, and throughout Northeastern Pennsylvania.