Glaucoma is a serious eye disease that occurs when there is an elevation in the pressure in your eye (intraocular pressure), resulting in damage to your optic nerve. It is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States.
While there are no cures for glaucoma, there are several treatments which have proven effective at slowing the progression of the disease in order to preserve your eyesight.
Our Northeastern Pennsylvania ophthalmologists will consider the following factors when recommending the ideal glaucoma treatment option for you:
Your age, overall health, and medical history
How advanced your condition has become
Your tolerance for specific medications, procedures, and therapies
Expectations for the course of the disease
Potential Glaucoma Treatment Options
The following treatment options are commonly used to control the progression of glaucoma:
Eye drops – Eye drops are often the first treatment option used for patients with open angle glaucoma. They are used to reduce elevated intraocular pressure by either reducing the amount of fluid produced by your eye or helping the fluid drain from your eye.
Laser surgery – Laser surgery may be performed to improve the drainage of fluid from your eye. Common types of laser surgery used in the treatment of glaucoma include trabeculoplasty which uses a laser to open clogged drainage canals and help fluid drain from your eye, iridotomy which uses a laser to make a small hole in the iris (the colored part of your eye) in order to allow fluid to flow more freely, and cyclophotocoagulation which uses a laser to treat targeted areas in the middle layer of your eye in order to reduce the production of fluid.
Microsurgery – If eye drops and laser surgery are not successful in lowering your intraocular pressure, a procedure called a trabeculectomy may be performed to create an artificial drainage channel to allow fluid to more easily leave your eye.
Since these treatments do not cure glaucoma (they only control the level of your intraocular pressure), it is important to follow up with our ophthalmologists to make sure your intraocular pressure does not become elevated again in the future.
Please contact Eye Care Specialists today to schedule your glaucoma screening. We serve patients in Scranton, Wilkes Barre, Kingston, and throughout Northeastern Pennsylvania.