Refractive Disorders

Serving Kingston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre and all of Northeastern Pennsylvania (NEPA)

Most people are not blessed with perfect vision. It is very common for people to have difficulty seeing objects that are far away, making participation in sports, driving, and many other daily activities a challenge without corrective lenses. There are also many people who struggle to see up-close objects clearly, making reading or viewing the computer difficult without glasses.

Many of these vision errors are caused by refractive disorders. Refractive errors are the most common vision conditions impacting Americans. They occur when the shape of your eye is irregular, impacting its ability to properly focus light onto the retina, the region of your eye that converts images into nerve signals that are transmitted to your brain.

In most cases, refractive vision errors are inherited and develop in children between the ages of 8 and 12. Often, vision will continue to deteriorate throughout the teenage years and stabilize by early adulthood. Fortunately, the doctors and staff at EyeCare Specialists have the training, technology and experience to treat your refractive vision errors and mitigate their effect on your daily life.

Types of Refractive Errors

There are four common types of refractive errors:

Myopia occurs when the outer surface of your eye, called the cornea, is too steep. As a result, light does not focus properly on the retina, causing far away objects to appear blurry. Hyperopia is caused by a cornea that is too short, resulting in up-close objects appearing blurry. Astigmatism is caused by an irregularly shaped cornea, resulting in a distortion of both near and far vision. Presbyopia is an age-related vision condition impacting people over the age of 40. People with presbyopia often need reading glasses to see up-close objects clearly.

Treatment of Refractive Errors

The most common treatment for refractive vision errors is still glasses or contact lenses. However, advances in laser vision correction have made procedures such as LASIK and PRK increasingly popular options over the past decade. These procedures use an excimer laser to reshape your cornea, allowing light to focus properly on your retina.

People with presbyopia may also benefit from a procedure called Monovision LASIK, which corrects one eye for disatnce vision and the otehr eye for up-close vision. As a result, your brain will interpret different sets of images coming from each eye. Unfortunately, only about 75% of the population can successfully adjust to monovision. Therefore, you should always try monovision using contact lenses for six months to a year before undergoing a Monovision LASIK procedure.

Please contact Eye Care Specialists today to schedule an appointment with one of our skilled ophthalmologists or optometrists. We serve patients in Scranton, Wilkes Barre, Kingston, and throughout Northeastern Pennsylvania.